One Jingdezhen, Half the History of Ceramics

One Jingdezhen, Half the History of Ceramics

  • Saturday, 18 May 2019
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Unnoticeable mud

It's as beautiful as jade here.

Warm Porcelain

From here into Chang jiang River

From Po yang Lake to Yangtze River

Eventually into the world

Rumors go back a long time.

Maps of China Made by Foreign Countries

No city can be marked.

But she is the only one who can't live without her.——

Porcelain Capital, Jing de zhen

Look at the world

There is hardly a place.

Like Jingdezhen

Gathering so many porcelain enthusiasts

They're here to make clay machines.

In the fire of a kiln

Complete with Porcelain

Already integrated

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Blue and White Porcelain

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More than a thousand years ago, simple handicraft industry rose in the mountains of northeastern Jiangxi Province.

More than a thousand years later, Jingdezhen is the only single handicraft city in the world.

Never forget why you started, and your mission can be accomplished.

For people, this is the persistence of dreams; for this city called Jingdezhen, it is the persistence of beauty.

Because of insisting on beauty, Jingdezhen is famous all over the world.

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The Origin of Porcelain: Yaoli Ancient Town

Figure 1 | William

Before it was known to the world, Jingdezhen was called Xinping, and Changnan was renamed in Tang Dynasty.

Changnan, as its name implies, is in the south of Changjiang River. It was in the Tang Dynasty that Changnan, a remote town, first appeared on the stage of history because of its porcelain. In the next hundred years, it will also shine brilliantly on the stage of history because of its porcelain.

According to legend, in the Tang Dynasty, a businessman named Taoyu trafficked Changnan porcelain to Chang'an. People mistakenly believed that jade wares were purchased without falling. Therefore, Changnan Porcelain is famous all over the world.

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Bluish white porcelain

Fig. 2 | Xiwen Porcelain

In the Song Dynasty, Jingdezhen's blue-and-white porcelain was deeply loved by the royal family for its characteristics of "white in green, shining in white, quiet and elegant, and glittering like jade". Perhaps too fond, Song Zhenzong gave Changnan the name of Jingde.

As a result, Changnan has the name Jingdezhen, which is still in use today. How long did this name last, Jingdezhen became famous. During the period of the Republic of China, Jingdezhen still occupied a place in the four famous towns, although the time was full of people and people.

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After the development and construction of the Tang and Song Dynasties, Jingdezhen's porcelain is enough to touch the heart and soul.

Kublai Khan immediately took over the world. After the establishment of the Yuan Dynasty, a hundred undertakings awaited prosperity, but he could not wait to set up the Fuliang Porcelain Bureau in Fuliang County (now Jingdezhen City).

The vast territory of the Yuan Dynasty has injected new possibilities into Jingdezhen's porcelain. When Suma Liqing from Persia met Jingdezhen's kaolin, the most difficult porcelain in the history of Chinese ceramics, Yuan Qinghua, was born. This kind of porcelains is exported to Western Asia and Europe, and is rapidly going to all countries in the world.

The Yuan Dynasty was soon extinct, but blue and white porcelain was famous all over the world. It shocked the past and the present. It opened a grand chapter of China's underglaze color porcelain and became one of the most important porcelain products.

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Fuliang County

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Imperial kiln factory

Fig. 1

If we say, blue and white porcelain, make Jingdezhen on the center of the historical stage;

Then, blue and white porcelain makes Jingdezhen a real porcelain capital.

In Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang renamed the Fuliang Porcelain Bureau for Royal Firing Porcelain, and in the reign of Kangxi in Qing Dynasty, it was finally named the Royal Kiln Factory. It has a secret technology, unique organizational structure, become far away from the imperial city, lonely Southern imperial institutions. It is the ceramics produced here that set off the upsurge of China in the eighteenth century in the West.

Some people say that without the imperial kiln factory, there would be no Jingdezhen today. It is true that Royal Kiln Factory not only brought great reputation to Jingdezhen, but also laid a foundation for the formation of its urban scale.

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Blue and White in the Yuan Dynasty

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In Jingdezhen, this place is a place of history. Everyone is the protagonist of history.

In the Song Dynasty, the ceramics industry was separated from agriculture. From then on, Jingdezhen prospered with handicraft and commerce.

In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, when the world entered a cold period, Europeans opened up new routes to Africa and America, while Huizhou people, Duchang people, Poyang people, Fuzhou people and Nanchang people gathered in large numbers along different river systems and mountain roads to Jingdezhen, where they took root and spread their leaves.

Over the centuries, countless skilled craftsmen from all over the world have devoted themselves to the porcelain, improving the craft one after another, harmonizing the glaze color one after another, making babies out of mud, chopping wood and firing kilns. The fire in the kiln has been burning for thousands of years, producing exquisite porcelain, exquisite craftsmanship, extraordinary ingenuity and the reputation of Jingdezhen.

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Picture | Mountain City

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Ancient kiln

One hole kiln

Numerous pieces of porcelain were fired.

Countless porcelain

Stacked up a small town.

A small town

Prosperity into a city

A city

It stretches like a long river.

China in Porcelain

Delivery to the world

Those routes, places of arrival

That adds up to half the history of ceramics.

It's the household name:

Jingdezhen




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